The story of how major global events influenced American race relations in the decades leading up to the civil rights movement; including how the rise of fascism in Germany led many white Americans to feel increasingly uncomfortable with violent white supremacy in the United States; how the segregated army of WWII alienated important non-white military allies and therefore became a national security concern; how white supremacy during the Cold War pushed the emerging nations of Africa and Asia towards alliances with the Soviet Union and thereby became an even greater national security concern; and of how the U.S. government responded to white supremacy becoming a national security concern both through global propaganda efforts and through serious reform. Part of the “Reframing Civil Rights” series.
The story of Rosa Parks as a radical activist and believer in self-defense and Black Power; of the Women’s Political Council that started the boycott and of the many women who came before Mrs. Parks; and of the development of King’s profound vision of nonviolent resistance through the aid of his brilliant new mentor, Bayard Rustin… who as a gay man was forced to stay in the shadows. A story rich in strategy and spirituality that explores the local to global context in which the boycott occurred. Part of the “Reframing Civil Rights” series.
The story of Gandhi’s disciples touring black universities and building ties between black Americans and the people of India; of the connection between Gandhi and the famed African American scientist George Washington Carver; and of the journey’s made by Howard Thurman and Benjamin Mays – later teachers of Martin Luther King – to meet with Gandhi. Explores the global dimensions of white supremacy and offers a rich portrayal of Gandhi’s fusion of spirituality and politics and of why his teachings resonated so powerfully with African Americans. Part of the “Black Internationalism” series.
The story of how the first African American heavyweight champion inspired racially oppressed and colonized people around the world; was exiled from the United States and moved to Mexico during the Revolution; befriended President Venustiano Carranza and trained the top Mexican generals in the art of boxing; and inspired African Americans by forcefully standing up against white supremacy from abroad. A story that explores the formation of whiteness and the solidarity of the “darker peoples of the world” in the early 20th century, as well as the racial politics of sports and technology. Part of the “Black Internationalism” series.
The story of how Malcolm X was raised in a family of Pan-Africanist Garveyites; closely observed the anticolonial freedom struggles taking place while he was a young minister for the Nation of Islam; came to believe that African Americans should become part of a larger global movement for racial justice; travelled across Africa building support amongst African leaders to bring human rights abuses against African Americans to the floor of the UN; emerged as a major leader of Islam with full support from the Islamic leaders of the Middle East; and had major revelations about race, class, and gender during his stay in Ghana, leading him to begin building a multiracial organization just before his death in an attempt to build a united front against racial oppression. Part of the “Black Internationalism” series.